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0-9
2Dtwo-dimensional
3Dthree-dimensional
3D-ECT3-dimensional electrical capacitance tomography

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A
AASatomic absorption spectrometry
acacacetylacetonate
AESAuger electron spectroscopy
AFCalkaline fuel cell
AFMatomic force microscopy
ALDatomic layer deposition
APTatom probe tomography
at%atomic per cent
atmatmosphere
ATR-FTIRattenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared

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B
bccbody-centred cubic
BETBrunauer, Emmett and Teller
BINAP2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1'-binaphthyl
bipybipyridine
Bnbenzyl
BOCbutoxycarbonyl
BSEbackscattered electron
Bzbenzoyl

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C
CADcomputer aided design
CALPHADcalculation of phase diagrams
CFDcomputational fluid dynamics
CHPcombined heat and power
CIcetane index; confidence interval
CMcross metathesis
CMCcarboxymethyl cellulose
CMOScomplementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CNcetane number
CNTcarbon nanotube
CO-TPDcarbon monoxide temperature-programmed desorption
CO2ecarbon dioxide equivalents
codcycloocta-1,5-diene
CP-MAScross polarisation-magic angle spinning
CSFcatalysed soot filter
CTcomputed tomography
CTEcoefficient of thermal expansion
CV cyclic voltammetry

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D
dbadibenzylideneacetone
DBFCdirect borohydride fuel cell
DBN1,5-diazabicyclo[5.3.0]non-5-ene
DBU1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene
DEFCdirect ethanol fuel cell
DEMdiscrete element method
DFTdensity functional theory
DIOP2,3-O-isopropylidene-2,3-dihydroxy-1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane
DLSdynamic light scattering
DMAdimethylacetamide
DMAP4-dimethylaminopyridine
DMEdimethoxyethane
DMFN,N-dimethylformamide
DMFCdirect methanol fuel cell
DMSOdimethyl sulfoxide
DOCdiesel oxidation catalyst
DOIDigital Object Identifier
DPFdiesel particulate filter
DPHdispersion hardening
dppf1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene
drdiastereomeric ratio
DRAMdynamic random access memory
DRIFTSdiffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy
DSCdifferential scanning calorimetry
DSSCdye-sensitised solar cell
DTAdifferential thermal analysis
DtBPF1,1สน-bis(di-tert-butylphosphino)ferrocene

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E
EBIDelectron beam induced deposition
ECelectrocatalyst
ECethylene carbonate
ECVTelectrical capacitance volume tomography
EDSenergy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
EDXenergy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
eeenantiomeric excess
EELSelectron energy loss spectroscopy
emfelectromotive force
EPRelectron paramagnetic resonance
ESCAelectron spectroscopy for chemical analysis
ESRelectron spin resonance
Etethyl
EtOHethanol
EUDCExtra-Urban Drive Cycle
EVelectric vehicle
EXAFSextended X-ray absorption fine structure

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F
FCfuel cell
fccface-centred cubic
FCCfluidised catalytic cracking
FEMfield emission spectroscopy
FSFTfield sweep Fourier transform
FSPflame spray pyrolysis
FTIRFourier transform infrared

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G
ggram
GCgas chromatography
GC-MSgas chromatography-mass spectrometry
GDIgasoline direct injection
GDLgas diffusion layer
GHSVgas hourly space velocity
GPFgasoline particulate filter

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H
hhour
HAMRheat-assisted magnetic recording
HChydrocarbon
hcphexagonal close-packed
HDAhydrodearomatisation
HDDhard disk drive
HDNhydrodenitrogenation
HDShydrodesulfurisation
HEVhybrid electric vehicle
HIPhot isostatic pressing
HPLChigh-performance liquid chromatography
HR-SEMhigh-resolution scanning electron microscopy
HR-TEMhigh-resolution transmission electron microscopy
HREELShigh-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy

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I
ICEinternal combustion engine
ICP-MSinductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
ICP-OESinductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry
ICPESinductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry
IFPBTiterative filtered back projection technique
ILBPiterative linear back projection
IRinfrared
ISSion scattering spectroscopy

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J
JMJohnson Matthey
JMTCJohnson Matthey Technology Centre

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K
kgkilogram

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L
L-DOPAL-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
LBPlinear back projection
LCDliquid crystal display
LCOlight cycle oil
LDAlithium diisopropylamide
LEClight-emitting electrochemical cell
LEDlight-emitting diode
LEEDlow-energy electron diffraction
LEVlow emission vehicle
LFPlithium iron phosphate
LHSVliquid hourly space velocity
LIBLithium-ion battery
LMRlongitudinal magnetic recording
LNTlean NOx trap
LTOlithium titanate, Li4Ti5O12

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M
MAMRmicrowave-assisted magnetic recording
MASmagic angle spinning
MBTEmethyl tertiary-butyl ether
MCFCmolten carbonate fuel cell
mCHPmicro combined heat and power
Memethyl
MEAmembrane electrode assembly; monoethanolamine
MeOHmethanol
Mesmesyl
MFCmicrobial fuel cell
MLCCmulti-layer ceramic capacitor
MLCTmetal-to-ligand charge transfer
MOFmetal-organic framework
mol%mole per cent
mpgmiles per gallon
mphmiles per hour
MRAMmagnetoresistive random access memory
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
MSmass spectrometry
MWCNTmultiwalled carbon nanotube
MWNTmultiwalled nanotube

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N
n/anot applicable or not available
NANDnot and
NCMnickel cobalt manganese
NEDCNew European Drive Cycle
NHEnormal hydrogen electrode
NMRnuclear magnetic resonance
NN-MOIRTneural-network multi-criterion optimisation image reconstruction technique
NORnot or
NOxnitrogen oxides
NPsnanoparticles
NSCNOx storage catalyst
NSRNOx storage reduction

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O
o-Tolortho-tolyl
ODSoxide dispersion strengthened
OLEDorganic light-emitting diode
OMOMmethoxymethoxy
ORRoxygen reduction reaction

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P
PAFCphosphoric acid fuel cell
PbPpixel-by-pixel
PCpropylene carbonate
PEpolyethylene
PEEKpolyether ether ketone
PEFCpolymer electrolyte fuel cell
PEMproton exchange membrane or polymer electrolyte membrane
PEMFCproton exchange membrane fuel cell or polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
PGEplatinum group element
pgmplatinum group metal: platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium or osmium
PGMplatinum group mineral
Phphenyl
PHEVplug-in hybrid electric vehicle
PLIFplanar laser induced fluorescence
PMparticulate matter
PMMApolymethyl methacrylate
PMRperpendicular magnetic recording; Platinum Metals Review
PNparticulate number
ppbparts per billion
ppmparts per million
ppmCparts per million carbon
ppmvparts per million by volume
ppy2-phenylpyridine
PSpolystyrene
psipounds per square inch
PTFEpolytetrafluoroethylene
PVphotovoltaic
PVCpoly(vinyl chloride)
PVDphysical vapour deposition
PVPpoly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)
PXRDpowder X-ray diffraction
pypyridine

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R
RCMring-closing metathesis
RDErotating disc electrode
RDEReal-world Driving Emissions
RHEreversible hydrogen electrode
ROMPring-opening metathesis polymerisation
RONresearch octane number
rpmrevolutions per minute
RTroom temperature
RTDresidence time distribution

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S
SAXSsmall angle X-ray spectroscopy
scCO2supercritical carbon dioxide
SCRselective catalytic reduction
SEsecondary electron
SEHSspin echo height spectroscopy
SEI

solid electrolyte interphase

SEISspin echo integration spectroscopy
SEMscanning electron microscopy
SEM-EDSscanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy
SERSsurface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
SHEstandard hydrogen electrode
SHEstandard hydrogen electrode
SIMSsecondary ion mass spectroscopy
SMshape memory
SMAshape memory alloy
SMSIstrong metal-support interaction
SNRsignal-to-noise ratio
SOFCsolid oxide fuel cell
SOxsulfur oxides
SPEFCsolid polymer electrolyte fuel cell
SPFCsolid polymer fuel cell (also known as PEMFC)
SRAMstatic random access memory
SSDsolid state drive
SSNMRsolid-state nuclear magnetic resonance
STEMscanning transmission electron microscopy
STMscanning tunnelling microscopy
STXMscanning transmission X-ray microscopy
SULEVsuper ultra low emission vehicle
SUVsport utility vehicle

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T
TARthermally-assisted magnetic recording
TBAFtetrabutyl ammonium fluoride
TBDPStert-butyldiphenylsilyl
TBStert-butyldimethylsilyl
TCEtrichloroethylene
TEMtransmission electron microscopy
TEStriethylsilyl
TFAtrifluoroacetic acid
TGAthermogravimetric analysis
THFtetrahydrofuran
TIGtungsten inert gas
TIPStriisopropylsilyl ether
TLCthin layer chromatography
TMtransition metal; trade mark (if superscript)
TMEDAtetramethylethylenediamine
tmptetramethylpiperidine
TMStetramethylsilane
TOFturnover frequency
TONturnover number
TPDtemperature-programmed desorption
tpphztetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]phenazine
TPRtemperature-programmed reduction
tpyterpyridine
Trtriphenylmethyl (trityl)
Tstosyl
TWCthree-way catalyst
TXMtransmission X-ray microscopy

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U
UHVultrahigh vacuum
ULEVultra low emission vehicle
UPSultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy
UVultraviolet
UV-visultraviolet-visible

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V
VAMvinyl acetate monomer
vol%volume per cent

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W
w/wweight/weight
WDSwavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
WLTCWorld-Harmonised Light-Duty Test Cycle
wt%weight per cent

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X
XANESX-ray absorption near edge structure
XASX-ray absorption spectroscopy
XESX-ray emission spectroscopy
XMTX-ray micro-tomography
XPSX-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
XRDX-ray diffraction
XRFX-ray fluorescence
XRTX-ray tomography

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Z
ZEVzero emission vehicle
ZFOzinc ferrite
ZGSzirconia grain stabilised

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