Platinum Metals Rev., 1990, 34, (3), 167
NEW PATENTS: July 1990
Metals And Alloys
Stable Monoatomic Forms of Precious Metals
concord res. corp. British Appl. 2,219,995A
Stable non-metallic orbitally rearranged monoatomic forms of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Au, Ag, Co, Ni or Cu exist, having a ‘d’ orbital hole sharing energy with an electron or electrons, and prepared by exhaustively solubilising and evaporating a metallic salt. The materials have high temperature superconductivity.
Alloy Containing Ruthenium for Jet Engine Components
general electric co. European Appl. 347,6l4A
Alloys used to manufacture structural components for jet engines preferably contain 10-16 at.% Ru, 15-20 at.% Cr, 20-30 at.% Al, 0-0.2 at.% Y, and balance Fe. The alloys have high strength, good ductility and good resistance to oxidation at high temperatures, and have use at temperatures of 2300°F and above.
Shape Memory Alloys with High Transition Temperatures
armada corp. U.S. Patent 4,865,663
Shape memory alloys have compositions within the limits 20.0-35 at % Pd, 49.8-50.7 at.% Ti, 14.12-29.27 at.% Ni, and 0.01-0.6 at.% B. The alloys show shape memory due to thermoelectric martensitic phase transformation on passing through a transition temperature, which in some cases exceeds 300°F. Pd raises the transition temperature.
Oxygen Generating Electrode
tdk corp. European Appl. 334,378A
An electrode used for O2 -generating electrolysis has a metallic substrate with a 0.1 mg/cm2(Ir) coating of 40-90 mol % Ir as Ir oxide, 50-10 mol % Ta as Ta oxide and 0.1-30 mol % Pt; with a 0.02-5 mg/cm2 (Ir) overcoat of Ir oxide or >50 mol % Ir oxide/Ta oxide. The coating has good substrate adhesion and corrosion resistance, does not contaminate the electrolyte, and can be used at high current densities.
Anodes for Electrolytic Reduction of Aromatic Carboxylic Acids
mitsui toatsu chem. inc. European Appl. 348,094A
Anode materials having low O2 overvoltage for O2 generation are used in the electrolytic reduction of aromatic carboxylic acids to the corresponding benzyl alcohols in aqueous acidic solution. Suitable electrodes are metal oxides stable in the acid, such as those of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Sn, Ta, Co and their mixtures. Benzyl alcohols are used as intermediates for agricultural and pharmaceutical chemicals.
Lead Dioxide Electrode for Chromium Plating
japan carlit k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/275,797
A PbO2 electrode has an Fe (alloy) matrix, a first intermediate layer of valve metal oxide, a second intermediate layer of Pt group metals, their alloys or their oxides applied by a pyrolytic method, and an electrodeposited layer of PbO2. The electrode has good durability, is obtained at low cost and is used for electrolytic production of Cr, electrolysis of organic substances, and for electroplating.
Noble Metal Electrolyte Preparation Unit
automation des. tech. Russian Patent 1,475,989
An electrolyte preparation unit including an upper reservoir containing replaceable cassettes with Rh plates is used for preparation of electrochemical solutions of the noble metals and alloys, employed in computer magnetic memory discs. The electrolyte quality and operation reliability are increased by plates with slots placed at an angle on two opposite walls of the sections forming zig-zag channels.
ELECTRODEPOSITION AND SURFACE COATINGS
Palladium Organosol for Electroless Metal Plating
toda kogyo k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/255,673
Preparation of a Pd organosol involves mixing a Pd hydrosol with an electrolyte to coagulate the Pd colloid, washing, carrying in a filter, and sealing within a pack material. The pack is thrown into an organic solvent and mechanically treated to prepare the Pd organosol, which is applied as catalyst to a substrate for electroless metal plating.
Electroless Palladium Plating Liquid
ishihara yakuhin k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/268,877
An electroless Pd plating liquid is an aqueous solution containing 0.0001-0.5 mol/1 of a Pd compound, 0.001-8 mol/1 of NH3 and/or an amine compound, 1-500 mol/1 of a divalent S-containing organic compound, and 0.005-2 mol/1 of a phosphorus acid and/or phosphite. The electroless Pd plating liquid provides good stability in electronics.
Low Stress Rhodium Electroplating Solution
nippon mining k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/290,788
A low stress Rh electroplating solution contains a Rh salt, a free acid and additionally S or a S containing substance. The solution is used for electroplating a thick Rh plate, free from cracks, and with high corrosion resistance; giving a plated product with increased reliability. The surface is glossy even when the Rh plate is thick, and therefore has a high reflectivity.
Electrolyte for Precipitating Palladium Alloy
veb. bergbau funk a. East German Patent 269,635
An economic electrolyte for precipitation coating with a Pd alloy contains 5-25 g/1 Pd as a carbonate, 5_25 g/l Ni or 0.1-5 g/l Co, and conductor and buffer salts, and is used at 40-80°C at a pH of 6.5-7.5. A 100 µm thick coating (minimum) is produced which has a bright finish, is wear resistant, and is pore and crack-free. The electrolyte is used in the electronic industries and for decorative purposes.
Uniform Coating of Moving Films from a Slotted Caster
veb. filmfab wolfen East German Patent 269,661
When moving films are to be coated from a slotted caster the uniformity of the deposit thickness is checked by measuring the volumetric flow rate of a model liquid in a dummy run. A hot foil transducer with a senior point of vapour-deposited Pt is used; flow rate is calculated from the resistance of the Pt layer, and corrections to the gap width are made if necessary. This method saves time, labour and materials.
Active Coating for Electrode for Chlorine Production
v.i. marchenko Russian Patent 1,481,269
An electrode used for production of chlorine, alkali and chlorates consists of a substrate with an active coating of oxides of Ti and W, Nb, Mo, or Ta; plus Cr and/or Co oxides; plus Ru oxide, with a molar relationship of other oxides to RuO2 of 4-24:1. All of the components are added to the rutile phase as a mixed composition. The coating with a low RuO2 content has increased electrocatalytic activity.
APPARATUS AND TECHNIQUE
Schottky Barrier Infrared Detector
massachusetts inst. tech. U.S. Patent 4,864,378
Ir silicide Schottky barrier IR detectors consist of a p- type Si substrate with an etched SiO2 layer, a double layer of a thin film of Pt (about 5 Å) and a thin film of Ir (about 10-20 Å). The Ir/Pt film is dry etched and the structure heat treated to form an Ir/Pt silicide disc-like region. The procedure is used for large scale fabrication of high performance IR detector arrays, giving high reproducibility and improved detector wavelength response.
Quantitative Determination of Methane
ford motor co. U.S. Patent 4,870,025
Selective determination of CH4 in an O2-containing gas stream involves passing the gas over two interconnected electrode catalysts, one of Pt and one of Pd, coated on thermistors, and heated at 350-450°C. The CH4 is oxidised only by the Pd catalyst, while other components are oxidised by both catalysts, so comparative readings give the % of CH4 in the gas stream without interference from other hydrocarbons.
Extended-Gate FET Ion Sensor
shingijutsu kaihatsu Japanese Appl. 1/213,563
An FET ion sensor having an extended gate electrode and a micro-heater to heat the extended part, is used for analysing H2 containing compounds such as NH3 or H2 S. The gate electrode is of Pt or Pd film which may have a multilayer structure, with a SiO2 membrane covering the surface to prevent escape of diffusing hydrogen ions into the atmosphere, and its activity can be controlled by varying the micro-heater temperature.
Combustible Gas Sensor with Improved Selectivity
figaro giken k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/227,951
A sensor to detect combustible gases, especially CO, has a metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas responsive body, with a zeolite coating layer containing catalytic metal ions. In an example Au electrodes are formed on SnO2 containing 0.2 wt.% Pt and 0.5 wt.% Pd; the electrode surface of the MOS body is coated with zeolite, and sintered. Coating with zeolite minimises sensitivity to vaporised organic solvents, improving selectivity to CO.
Production of Semiconductor Type Gas Sensor
fuji electric mfg. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/227,954
A sintered semiconductor type gas sensor is produced by coating an n -type oxide semiconductor powder on an insulating substrate, baking to form a gas sensitive layer, impregnating with Pd chloride or chloroplatinic acid solution, and pyrolysing. A gas sensor is produced with improved stability and high sensitivity.
Air: Fuel Ratio Detector with Platinum Electrodes
hitachi k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/227,955
An air:fuel ratio detector of high credibility has porous thin membrane type Pt electrodes on front and back surfaces of an oxygen ion conductive zirconia solid electrolyte element. The electrode on the front is coated with a gas diffusion resistor layer made of a crude particle layer with large porosity and a super-microparticle layer which fills the voids. The air: fuel ratio can be continuously detected in the lean-rich range.
Oxygen Sensor Device with Electrode Protective Layers
ngk spark plug k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/232,253
An O2 sensor device includes a measuring electrode having three porous protective layers; the second of Rh or Pd on TiO: (for NOx reduction), and the third of Pt on Al2O3, spinel or magnesia (for CO, HC oxidation). The layers protect the electrode without decreasing permeability, provide good sensor response and maintain high precision air: fuel ratio control, so the device can be used for purifying internal combustion engine exhaust gas.
Black Pearl Containing Platinum Group Metal Colloid
t. shimura Japanese Appl. 1/244,704
Colouring a pearl without damage involves alternately penetrating a Pt group metal amine complex salt solution and a basic reducing agent solution into the pearl, which grows a stable, high purity Pt group metal colloid black in the pearl with temperature operation. Providing the Pt group metal thin film in the pearl increases light interference colour, and the pearl has high light fastness, blackness and gloss.
Catalyst Membranes for Gas Sensors
toshiba k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/250,851-52
Gas sensors having improved selectivity to paraffin type gases such as CH4, or good long term sensitivity include a catalyst membrane on the gas sensitive membrane. The catalyst membrane consists of (a) the sintered product of a paste containing a Pt group metal compound, a ceramic adhesive agent, and metal oxides, or (b) the sintered material of a paste containing a supporting substance powder and a resin acid salt of a Pt group element. The catalyst membrane can be formed simply, quality control is easy, and the product has less dispersion.
Signal-Taking Out Structure for Air:Fuel Ratio Sensor
hitachi k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/257,256
A critical current type air:fuel ratio sensor has porous Pt electrodes on the inner and outer surfaces of a tubular solid electrolyte, and a metallic member for taking out signal from the detecting element, using noble metal paste to weld to inner and outer electrodes and Pt paste coated with sealing glass. Corrosion of the signal-taking out portion can be prevented, so ainfuel ratio can be measured within a wide range with high reliability.
Detection of Hydrogen in Mixed Gases
tokuyama soda k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/262,456
H2 is detected by a sensor using a proton conducting solid electrolyte containing crystalline water as the detector. The sensor includes a reference electrode of Au, Ag or C, a detection electrode of Pt, Pd, Rh and so on, and is heated to 70-100°C by a Pt coil heater or a printed paste heater. The sensitivity for H2 detection is good, and the sensor is used for accurate detection of H2 in mixed gases.
Biosensor Oxygen Detector with Platinum Cathode
fuji electric mfg. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/265,150
A biosensor has a flow cell with a stationary film holding microorganisms or enzymes in contact with a sample on one side and a buffer solution on the other, and a detector to detect the amount of O2 consumed by the reaction. The detector includes an anode and a Pt cathode which contacts the buffer solution through a gas permeable membrane. Running costs can be reduced, and stabilised measurements can be made for a long time.
Device for Measuring Nitrogen Oxides Concentration
ngk insulators k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/277,751
A device for measuring the concentration of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gases has a solid electrolyte and an electrochemical cell with at least two electrodes. An NOx decomposition catalyst of Pt, Pd or Rh is set near the first electrode which is connected to the sample gas. The structure of the device is simple and low cost production is possible.
Coated Clad Container
tanaka kikinzoku kogyo Japanese Appls. 1/279,777-78
A clad container has inner and outer surfaces coated by dispersed materials containing nitride, carbide or boride materials, with Pt, Pt alloy, Rh or Rh alloy as the major component. The containers are used in high temperature environments, for melting metal oxides, high melting point metals or high melting point glass, and have long life.
Partial Electroplating Device
hitachi k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/294,887
A partial electroplating device has Pt plated Ti thin wires attached to both sides of the plating liquid blowing-out mouth. Liquid flowing near the wires becomes more active, and uniform thick partial plating is obtained on a metal plate fixed with masking tapes.
Gas Detector with Ruthenium Oxide Exothermic Resistor
fuji electric mfg. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/295,151
A gas detector consists of a gas sensitive member of Sn oxide semiconductors on one side of a sensor substrate and a Ru oxide exothermic resistor on the other side. The resistor is heated at a specific temperature in purified air and in sample gas. The gas sensor is small, and a stable output is obtained for a long time.
Oxygen Sensor Device with Inner Platinum Electrode Band
japan elec control sys. Japanese Appl. 1/295,157
An O2 sensor device consists of a ceramic tube with an inner electrode band of Pt, between which is an in-terlayer of ceramic material. The capacity of the inner electrode band is improved, and when the sensor device is exposed to excessively high temperatures the inner electrode band is prevented from peeling off.
Oxygen Partial Pressure Measuring Device
bieler – lang g.m.b.h. German Appl. 3,820,881
A device for measuring O2 partial pressure has a measuring element consisting of a ZrO2, solid electrolyte plate having Pt surface coatings on each side forming electrodes. The device includes a pressure switch which maintains a constant reference gas pressure to ensure accuracy.
Increased Sensitivity Immunoanalysis
biochem. inst. Russian Patent 1,464,089
Immunoanalysis is carried out more efficiently using phosphorescent metalloporphyrins as markers. A compound such as Pd(+ +)-caproporphyrin 1 is covalently bound to the monoclonal antibodies and used in solid phase immunoanalysis, with specific phosphorescence measured at frequencies >620 nm.
Device for Electrochemical Treatment of Mine Waters
don coal inst. Russian Patent 1,470,669
A device used for the electrochemical treatment of mine waters contains anodes made of graphite or Ti, covered by Ru dioxide, cathodes of graphite or Ti, and diaphragms of acid-alkali-proof material positioned between each anode and cathode. A stable quality of water is obtained.
Uniform Molybdenum-Ruthenium Braze Material
gte products corp. U.S. Patent 4,859,236
A Mo-Ru metal powder mixture containing 35-50 wt.% Ru is produced by forming a slurry of ammonium molybdate and Ru dioxide, crystallising, reducing at 400-600°C for 12-18 h to produce a metallic mixture, heating at 800-1000°C for 1-4 h in a reducing atmosphere to stabilise the particle size at - 325 mesh, and cooling. A product of uniform composition is obtained, used as a braze material for Mo components.
Brazing Filler Metal for Bonding Titanium or Its Alloys
cobelco kaken k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/245,995
A filler metal of 20-40 wt.% Pd, less than 10 wt.% Au, 60-70 wt.% Ag, and balance incidental impurities is harmless to humans and is used for bonding artificial tooth beds, tooth crowns or similar Ti (alloy) dental articles. It has good wetting properties, articles can be easily bonded without discoloration and without using brazing flux, and the brazed zone of the filler metal exhibits high shearing strength.
Catalyst for Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide to Carbon Dioxide
phillips petroleum co. European Appl. 337,446A
A catalyst is prepared by contacting a ZrO2 support with a Pt and/or Pd compound solution, heating to convert to the oxide and/or metal, and activating with H2 or CO at 100-600°C. Preferably the product contains FeO, Fe2O3 and/or Fe3O4. CO oxidation can be effected at -50 to 300°C and 1-2000 psi, and the catalyst can be used in breathing masks, to remove CO from engine exhaust, in manufacturing isotopically labelled O2, and in CO2 lasers.
Catalytic Exhaust Gas Purifier
com. naz. ric energ. European Appl. 340,784A
An exhaust gas purifier for I.C. engines consists of a hollow casing containing a purifier arrangement which has Pt coated quartz or silica mineral fibres (amorphous or crystalline in structure), with a supporting stainless steel mesh and tubular structure to minimise resistance to gas flow. The purifier provides a simpler construction of reduced cost.
Catalytic Production of Hydrogen Peroxide
du pont de nemours co. European Appl. 342,047A
High yields of H20, are produced by reaction of H2 and O2 using a catalyst of Pt and/or Pd on C, SiO2 or Al2O3, with H+ and Br- ions each at concentrations of 0.001-0.05M. Reaction is in an aqueous medium containing no more than 2 wt.% of an organic component, which reduces the explosion hazard of high H2O2 concentrations and organic solvents. Catalyst deactivation by decomposition products of organic materials is also reduced.
Catalyst Resins for Removing Oxygen from Aqueous Solutions
bayer a.g. European Appl. 345,822A
Catalyst resins consist of Pt or Pd charged macroporous weakly basic anion exchangers. The catalysts are used for reduction of O2 in aqueous media such as boiler feed water using H2 or hydrazine, and have high activity giving low residual O2 contents in treated solutions. They have high thermal, mechanical and osmotic stability, high bonding strength of the metal, and are more easily regenerated.
Ruthenium-Bromine Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst
johnson matthey p.l.c. European Appl. 347,204A
A catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis consists of 0.1-1 wt.% metallic Ru, Br moieties as promoter at a Br:Ru atomic ratio of 1.5:1-4:1, supported on for example γ-Al2O3 of surface area 150-300 m2/g. The activity of the catalyst is such that a lower Ru loading may be used; CH4 formation is less, and conversion efficiency is improved at a relatively low temperature (<300°C).
Catalytic Structures Containing Precious Metals
corning inc. European Appls. 351,036A and 351,057A
Catalytic structures consist of at least one of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Ru, Au or their oxides and/or Cr, Co, Ni, V or W integrally combined with a porous sintered structure (such as a honeycomb) or high surface area agglomerate bodies such as A12O3, SiO2 or zeolites integral with the structure. The catalytic structures can be used as filter media, for example as a diesel particulate filter, or catalytic converters, and can be used under thermally stressful conditions such as in the exhaust from internal combustion engines.
Reducing Pollutant Emissions by Transient Additional Enrichment
johnson matthey p.l.c. European Appl. 351,197A
Pollutant emissions from a lean running internal combustion engine are reduced during acceleration by use of a catalyst in conjuction with an engine management controller to provide transient additional enrichment. The catalyst consists of Pt and Rh on a washcoat with optional inclusion of Fe and/or ceria, and oxidises CO and hydrocarbons while reducing nitrogen oxides in the exhaust to N2.
Catalysts for Treating Automotive Exhaust Gas
allied-signal inc. U.S. Patents 4,868,148-49
The catalysts are either (a) a honeycomb carrier coated with A1203 containing dispersed La oxide, Ce oxide, Pd oxide (<25 Å crystallites), and Rh oxide; or (b) Al2O3 pellets or an A12O3 coated honeycomb monolith with dispersed Pt and/or Pd (0.01-4 wt.%) and optionally 0.01-2 wt.% Rh, with an overlayer having for example 2-75 wt.% La and/or Ce oxide, and optionally a further A12O3 layer. Catalyst (a) has improved thermal stability, while (b) has decreased H2S formation by separating the noble metal and O2 storage components.
Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides in Turbine Exhaust
grace w.r. co.
U.S. Patent 4,875,436
After NH3 injection, cooled exhaust gas from a gas turbine generator for electricity production is fed to a low temperature selective catalytic reduction unit for conversion of nitrogen oxides to harmless byproducts. The unit is for example stainless steel supporting a Pt, Pd, Rh containing catalyst, and up to 95% NOx removal can be obtained from the turbine exhaust gas.
mobil oil corp. U.S. Patent 4,877,581
A hydrocarbon feedstock containing nitrogen and wax is hydroisomerised by contact at 400-850°F and 200-2000 psig with a catalyst having 0.1-2.0 wt.% Pt or Pd on ZSM-11 zeolite which has been steamed. The process uses a medium pore catalyst which is more active, gives higher yields, and is more regenerable. The pour point of the feed is reduced at lower operating temperature.
Modified Platinum Dehydrogenation Catalyst
uop inc. U.S. Patent 4,886,928
Dehydrogenation of 2-15C hydrocarbons is effected by contacting the hydrocarbon and steam with a multicomponent catalyst. The catalyst has an A12O3 carrier; a Pt group component, preferably 0.1-1 wt.% Pt; preferred modifiers of 0.1-2.5 wt.% Y, 0.1-15 wt.% Sn and 0.2-2 wt.% Co; and a halogen component, for example 0.01-2 wt.% Cl. The catalyst can be used for example for conversion of propane to propylene.
New Catalyst for Removal of Chlorofluoromethanes
agency of ind. sci. tech. Japanese Appl. 1/224,337
Disproportionate and decomposition of chlorofluoromethanes is achieved by irradiation with light of less than 400 nm wavelength in the presence of a new catalyst consisting of less than 5 wt.% of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os or Ru on TiO;. The catalyst is useful for removing chlorofluoromethanes.
Composite Catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
shin daikyowa sekiy Japanese Appls. 1/228,555-56
A composite catalyst consists of a Sio2 support loaded with 0.00005-25 wt.% of metallic atom clusters of either Pt, Pd or Fe, or Rh, Ir and Fe. The catalyst is used for the Fischer-Tropsch reaction to prepare O-containing organic compounds or hydrocarbons from a CO-H2 synthetic gas. The metallic components are hardly lost from the composite, and the catalyst containing it is hardly degraded, providing higher conversion efficiency and selectivity over a long period.
Ruthenium Catalyst for Hydrocarbon Production
nippon oil k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/242,147
A 4-10C hydrocarbon is produced from synthetic gas by using a catalyst having 0.1-0.5 wt.% Ru in the form of a Ru component or Ru and Li components impregnated into a montmorillonite stone group mineral interlayer compound. The catalyst has high activity and effectively produces a 4-10C hydrocarbon for gasoline or gasoline mixture.
Catalyst for Removal of Nitrogen Oxides and Carbon Monoxide
hitachi k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/266,849
A catalyst used to remove NOx and CO simultaneously from boiler or gas turbine exhaust consists of 50-99 at.% Ti oxide, 1-50 at.% Mo, W, V, Ce, Ni, Co or Mn compounds, 0.001-5 at.% Pt, Pd, Rh or Ru, and/or 1-20 at.% Fe, Cr or Cu oxide. The catalyst is contacted with a gas containing NOx, CO and O2 in the presence of NH3, and reduces NOx with NH 3, and oxidises CO with O 2.
Rhodium Catalysts for Reactions of Synthesis Gas
daicel chem. ind. k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/294,640-41 and 1/294,643-44
Oxygenated compounds or unsaturated hydrocarbons are prepared from synthesis gas by reacting a mixture of CO and H2, and optionally steam in the presence of a catalyst of (a) o. 1-10 wt.% Rh, Mn, alkali metal, and Ag on a Sio2 support, or (b) a reduced Rh co-catalyst on SiO2, or (c) a reduced Rh co-catalyst on SiO2, possibly containing Ir, and pretreated with an aqueous acidic solution. The method improves selectivity to (a) acetaldehyde compared with a catalyst without the Ag component, or (b) acetic acid, or (c) unsaturated hydrocarbons.
Durable Exhaust Gas Purification Catalysts
matsushita elec. ind. k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/304,046 and 1/304,048
Catalysts consisting of a carrier, a layer containing an ABO3 compound with perovskite type structure (where A is a rare earth or alkaline earth element, and B a transition metal), Ce oxide, and Pt, Pd and Rh, are prepared by applying the ABO3 layer first and then impregnating with Ce nitrate to give Ce oxide, or vice versa. High activity catalysts with long life and stable running at high temperatures are formed, which are used for purification of exhaust gas from domestic or industrial combustion apparatus or automobile engines.
Double Oxide Catalyst for Removal of Nitrogen Oxides
matsushita elec ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/307,431
A specific catalyst used to remove NOx from combustion exhaust consists of Pt group metals loaded on a double oxide containing alkaline earth metals, Y or rare earth metals, and Cu group metals; and preferably has 0.25% Pt on a double oxide containing Ba, Y, Cu and Ag. The catalyst converts NOx into N2 without reducing agents, lower NOx concentrations can be removed, all at lower temperatures.
Exhaust Gas Purification Catalysts Containing Rhenium
toyota jidosha k.k. German Appl. 3,918,317
Catalysts for exhaust gas purification consist of Re and at least one of Pt, Pd and Rh at a total of 0.01-5 wt.% with a Re:other metal atomic ratio of 0.01-0.5:1, on an inorganic support, especially cordierite coated with a porous inorganic layer. The catalysts are more effective in reducing hydrocarbon, CO and NOx and have better thermal stability.
Catalyst System for Selective Hydrogenation
veb. otto grotewohl East German Patent 270,440
Selective hydrogenation is used to remove strongly unsaturated compounds from 4C hydrocarbon feeds by passing the liquid trickle over 2-4 different Pd/ Al2 O3 catalysts, in a H2 containing atmosphere, at 275-360 K. The catalysts contain 0.1-2 wt.% Pd, up to 1% alkali metal, Al2 O3 optionally up to 6% of promoters, and 0.1-20% of Si compounds, and have defined porosity and surface characteristics. The process is simple, efficient, selective, stable and flexible.
Ruthenium Catalyst for Plutonium Reduction
as. ussr phys. chem. Russian Patent 1,415,666
Plutonium is reduced to the (III) oxidation state by treating a 30 mg/1 solution of its nitrate with a 0.1-0.5 mol/1 solution of hydrazine in the presence of a Pt group metal catalyst, preferably 1-5% Ru on an inert carrier, at a solid:liquid ratio of 1:10-20. The cost of preparation is reduced.
Rhodium Colloid for Hydrosilylation Catalyst
general electric co. European Appl. 337,I97A
A Rh colloid is prepared by reacting 10-100 moles of a Si hydride with each mole of Rh trichloride, where the SiH4 has a boiling point of at least 25°C at atmospheric pressure. The Rh colloid is used as a hydrosilylation catalyst for Si. Tetraalkyl-substituted silanes are useful as hydraulic fluids and lubricants.
Methyl Acetate Preparation
sollac World Appl. 89/10,344A
Methyl acetate is prepared by isomerising methyl formate at 170-220°C in the presence of a Rh catalyst, 0.05-1 mol/1 of an iodine compound promoter, and a cyclic N-alkylamide solvent. This method gives improved selectivity for methyl acetate preparation.
Rhodium Catalyst for Preparation of Phenylacetaldehyde
agency of ind. sci. tech. Japanese Appl. 1/249,741
Phenylacetaldehyde is prepared by reacting toluene with CO in the presence of a Rh compound, while irradiating with light of above 325 nm wavelength. A Rh compound such as chlorocarbonyl bis(trimethylphosphine) Rh can be used. The product can be obtained industrially both economically and simply, and is useful as an intermediate for drugs and pesticides, or as a raw material for perfume.
Ruthenium Catalyst for One-Step Ester Preparation
sumitomo chem. ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/258,641
One-step preparation of esters is by reaction of unsaturated aldehyde(s) with alcohol(s) in the presence of a Ru-containing catalyst (such as a Ru halide) and basic compounds as accelerators, at 100-300°C under 0-100 kg/cm2 pressure.
Liquid Phase Olefin Hydroformylation Catalyst
agency of ind. sci. tech. Japanese Appl. 1/288,341
A solid catalyst consisting of a metallic support loaded with Rh is produced by reacting metallic supports of Cr-Ni alloys and soluble Rh compounds in a solvent in a pressurised synthetic gas atmosphere. The catalyst is used for liquid phase olefin hydroformylation to aldehyde and is easily separated.
Synthesis of Anti-Microbial β -Lactam Compounds
sankyo k.k. Japanese Appl. 2/276
Optically active /3-lactam compounds are produced by reducing specified β -lactam compounds in the presence of a stereoasymmetric Ru compound. This process enables production of optically active intermediates for synthesis of the β -Iactam compounds.
Homogeneous Hydrogenation Catalyst
henkel kgaa. German Appl. 3,841,698
A hydrogenation catalyst contains water soluble Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Co and Fe salts, ligands, and phase transfer compounds. It is especially for homogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of solvent systems, of at least two mutually immiscible solvents, and can be used for aromatics, olefins and alkyl nitriles and for hydrodechlorination of chlorohydrocarbons.
Methanol Fuel Cell Anode
olle lindstrom ab. World Appl. 89/10,009A
A fuel cell anode includes a catalytic mixture of Pt and Ru and a separately added Pb component at 5-10 mg/cm2, which may be incorporated by blending a C mass containing reduced Pt and Ru with PbO, and then rolling onto C paper. The anode is used for example as a methanol electrode, in a fuel cell with an acid electrolyte. The presence of Pb enhances the voltage-current curve for a methanol electrode.
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Electrode Catalysts
fuji electric mfg. k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/227,360-61
Phosphoric acid fuel cell electrode catalysts are either (a) Pt-Ru on C black, prepared by dispersing Pt on C in Ru chloride solution, and heat treating; or (b) Pt on C black, prepared by ultrasonically mixing the support, chloroplatinic acid and water, then reducing. For catalyst (a) the Pt-Ru alloy particulates have good dispersion and are completely alloyed giving a fuel cell anode of superior CO
poisoning resistance, and for (b) uniformly distributed small Pt particulates are produced giving increased reliability.
Oxidation Catalyst for Methanol-Air Fuel Cells
matsushita elec. ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/266,848
A precious metal catalyst is produced by loading Pt-containing colloid particles on the surface of C particles, then pulverising the C particles while changing the colloid particles into alloys or solid solutions. The C catalyst obtained has highly dispersed precious metals on the C surface and improved oxidation.
Regenerating Zinc Sulphate Solution
hoesch stahl a.g. European Appl. 347,605A
Zn ion enrichment and pH increase in Zn sulphate solutions are effected by contacting them with small pieces of metallic Zn in the presence of Pt. The Pt may be present as platinised Ti vessel walls, or as a platinised Ti grid insert. The solutions are useful as electrolytes in Zn electroplating of steel products using insoluble anodes.
Manufacture of Xenon
kyodo oxygen co. U.S. Patent 4,874,592
Xe is concentrated and recovered from vented liquid O2 by sequential adsorption/desorption stages using adsorbent columns, followed by catalytic removal of hydrocarbons from the Xe product using a Pt/Pd catalyst to convert hydrocarbons to CO2 plus H2O. Xe is obtained in 95% yields, and at 99.995% purity. CH4 build up is avoided, there are no explosion risks, and high pressure equipment is not needed.
Production of Fine Palladium Particles
tanaka kikinzoku kogyo Japanese Appls. 1/225,707-10
Isolated fine Pd particles are produced by reducing either a Pd ammonia complex solution or a Pd nitrate solution under controlled temperature and pH conditions using (a) an aromatic compound type reductant with hydroxyl group(s), or (b) L-ascorbic acid or an L-ascorbate group as a reducing agent. The grain size of Pd particles deposited is easily controlled, and fine or ultrafine particles can be obtained.
Carbon Fibre Growth
showa denko k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/260,019
Carbon fibres are grown in the presence of a catalyst of transition metal microparticles such as Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Re or others, grown by pyrolysis from vaporised gas of a transition metal compound or an organic transition metal compound. Ceramic particles are used as a radiation heating medium.
Separation Membrane for Hydrogen
kagaku gijutsu-chokinz. Japanese Appl. 1/262,924
A separation membrane consists of a coating material of Pd or Pd alloy on the surface of an alloy film containing 5-20 at.% Ni and/or Co and balance V. The membrane has high durability and is used for separation of highly purified H2 from H2 gas mixtures at lower temperatures such as 200°C, and at high permeability.
Treatment of Organic Waste Water
osaka gas k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/262,992
Organic waste H2O containing nitrate or nitrite is biologically denitrified before wet oxidation at a high temperature and under high pressure, using an oxidising catalyst of 0.05-25 wt.% Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Ru, Au, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu or W or their oxides on a support.
Melt Spinning Nozzle with Platinum or Gold Coating
mitsui toatsu chem. inc. Japanese Appl. 1/282,307
At least one of Pt or Au is deposited on a nozzle face from Pt, Pt alloy, Au or Au alloy by an ion sputtering process to a thickness of at least 50 Å with at least the circumference of the extruding hole. The spinning nozzle is used for melt spinning of polyester resin which is preferably used for medical treatments. The nozzle can be used for a long time, giving improved spinning productivity.
Silver Halide Photosensitive Material Containing Noble Metal
fuji photo film k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/285,941
A Ag halide photosensitive material is made by adding a Group VIII noble metal halogen compound to a Ag halide emulsion when the Ag halide particles are prepared. Preferably the noble metal is Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os or Ru and the halogen is Cl, Br or I. Change in sensitivity and gradation of Ag halide photographic photosensitive material with lapse of time and forcible deterioration can be reduced.
Silver Halide Photosensitive Material
konica corp. Japanese Appl. 1/304,448
A photosensitive material contains a Ag-halide emulsion—the particles of which contain at least one high Agl containing region—and water soluble salts of Ir and Rh. The material can be handled in the yellow safe light, giving less fog and high sensitivity to an Ar laser beam, excels in hard tone and sharpness.
Electrochromic Variable Transmission Glazing for Automobile Sunroof
saint-gobain vitrag European Appl. 338,876A
Electrochromic-type variable transmission glazing consists of two transparent substrates joined by an organic polymer, with one substrate having a layer of electrochromic material and the other having an Ir oxide layer symmetrical with the electrochromic material. Degradation of the glazing appearance is avoided for a large number of colour modulation cycles, so it has long life, and is claimed for use for an automobile sunroof.
Coating Agent for Optical Glass Fibre
shinetsu chem. ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/257,151
A coating agent for optical glass fibre consists of a photopolymerisable compound containing at least one polymerisable C = C double bond, Pt or Pt compound, and a photopolymerisation initiator such as benzoyl peroxide. H2 gas is hardly generated when heating the coating agent, so light transmission loss of optical fibre coated with the coating agent is reduced.
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING
Rhodium Oxide Thin Film Resistor
fuji xerox k.k. European Appl. 341,708A
A thin film resistor consists of Rh oxide as the resistive material with at least one of Si, Pb, Bi, Zr, Ba, Al, B, Sr and Ti, where the metal: Rh ratio is 0.3-3. A uniform thin film resistor can be obtained, with resistance determined by the proportion of the metals used, firing conditions, and film thickness. The resistor is used in hybrid IC’s and thermal heads, and is more reliable by immunity to static or noise.
Electrical Connection with Interdigitated Vertical Members
ibm corp. European Appl. 347,561A
An electrical connection consists of a planar horizontal conductive area, interdigitated vertical members of hillock or dendritic materials (especially Pt, Pd, Rh, Os, Ru or W) fastened to the planar area, and a means for accommodating lateral stresses. The separable and reconnectable connections are used for IC chips, circuit boards and cables.
Ohmic Electrode for n-Gallium Arsenide
sumitomo elec ind. K.K.European Appl. 349,790A
An ohmic electrode formed on n -GaAs consists of a 300-1500 Å thick Pd layer, and a Ge layer 500-1500 Å thick. Both layers are preferably formed by vacuum evaporation, followed by a rapid thermal anneal at 500-600°C, for 3-20 seconds, in an inert atmosphere. The electrode has high reliability.
Platinum Silicide Imager
ford aerospace U.S. Patent 4,857,979
A PtSi imager for IR imaging consists of a transparent semiconductor substrate, a transparent PtSi layer forming with the substrate a reverse-biased Schonky barrier diode, and a metallic reflector on the PtSi layer biased to create a surface depletion layer around the periphery of the diode.
Ferromagnetic Powder for Magnetic Storage Medium
hitachi maxell Japanese Appl. 1/223,703
A ferromagnetic powder consists of an oxide type magnetic powder, on the surface of which is a lower magnetic alloy layer containing Co and Ni, and an upper non-magnetic layer of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Au, Ag or Cu. The ferromagnetic powder has increased electroconductivity, and is suitable for a magnetic storage medium (such as magnetic tape or disc), which shows excellent resistance and electromagnetic transducing properties.
Composite Alloy for Magnetic Heads
hitachi metal k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/243,207
An alloy for magnetic heads is a composite of Fe, Cu, Si, B, Cr, Al;Co and/or Ni; at least one of Nb, W, Ta, Zr, Hf, Ti and Mo; and one of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru, Au and Ag. Average particle diameter is <1000 Å, with at least 50% as fine crystalline particles. A magnetic head with high anti-corrosion properties and anti-abrasion properties can be obtained.
Improved Composite Superconducting Oxide
aisin seiki k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/246,174
A composite superconducting oxide is produced by mixing a superconductive powder containing at least one of Y and rare earth elements, at least one of Ca, Sr and Ba, and Cu, with powdered Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Au and/or Ag. The method provides a superconductor of uniformly dispersed metal powder.
Magnetic Thin Film for Thin Film Heads
tohoku special steel ltd. Japanese Appl. 1/253,215
A magnetic thin film contains up to 2 wt.% Co, 73-82 wt.% Ni + Co, 1-8 wt.% Nb and/or Ta, 0.01-2 wt.% of one or more of Mo, V, Cr, W, Cu, Ti, Zr and Hf, 0.001-2 wt.% of one or more of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ru, Au and Ag, and balance Fe and impurities. The thin film has good hf magnetic characteristics, and is used for thin film heads for reproducing high density magnetic records, or magnetic cores of electric apparatus.
High Density Magnetic Recording Medium
victor co. of japan Japanese Appl. 1/256,017
A magnetic recording medium consists of a Cr layer formed on a non-magnetic substrate such as NiP, and a magnetic layer formed of quaternary CoCrTaPt alloys containing 1-18 at.% Cr, 1-8 at.% Ta, and 1-15 at.% Pt. The medium is used for magnetic discs, magnetic tapes, and so on.
Lead Ruthenate Fine Powder for Conductive Materials
sumitomo metal mini K.K.Japanese Appl. 1/257,136
High purity Pb ruthenate of formula Pb2Ru2O6.5 can be obtained in high yields in the form of fine powder of particle size 500-1000 Å by addition of NaOH to an aqueous solution of Ru chloride and Pb nitrate at 65°C. The powder is used to make a paste for thick film resistors.
Copper Paste for Thick Electroconductive Layer
showa denko k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/258,307
A Cu paste contains 80-90 wt.% of a solid component having 1-8 wt.% Bi2O3 powder, 1-8 wt.% CuO powder, 0.1-1 wt.% Pd powder and remainder Cu powder, with 20-10 wt.% of a vehicle component. The Cu paste shows excellent adhesion strength and small contact resistance.
Production of Resistors
tokuriki honten k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/265,502
A resistor used in electrical circuits is produced by metallising both ends of a cylindrical ceramic carrier which has a Pt-based metal film resistor layer formed on it. A lead wire is soldered to each end of the carrier, consisting of a Pt coated clad wire rod having a head section on the end, with a Au- or Pd-alloy based solder material. Production yield is improved, and there is reduced variation in resistance value.
Optical Information Recording Medium with Gold-Palladium Film
victor co. of japan Japanese Appl. 1/276,446
An optical information signal recording medium consists of an information signal formed substrate coated with an alloy reflection film with Au as the main component and 1.0-15.0 at.% Pd, and then covered with a protective film. The medium has improved atmospheric resistance and adhesion to plastics.
Linear Superconducting Material Manufacture
sumitomo elec. ind. k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/279,512-14 and 1/279,516-17
A linear superconducting material is made by putting raw material powder into a cylinder together with Pt3O4 PtO, PtO2, IrO2 or Ir2O3, plastically working the cylindrical member, and heating to sinter the raw material powder. The material is used for linear or long length superconducting material.
Platinum or Palladium Resistors for Electronic Devices
fuji xerox k.k. Japanese Appls. 1/304,702-3
Resistors containing oxides of Pt or Pd, Si, and at least one of Bi, Pb, Sn, Al, B, Ti, Zr, Ba and Ca are prepared from resistance pastes containing organic co-ordinated complex compounds of these elements, by calcining at a temperature of at least 500°C. Resistors in the form of uniform and thin films can be economically obtained, having good uniformity, reliability and power resistant properties.
Ruthenium-Silver Contact Material
technopolice hakoda Japanese Appl. 1/307,114
A sulphidation resistant contact material contains 0.1-30 wt.% Ru particles dispersed in a Ag sintered compact, and has a Ru oxide layer formed on the surface. Preparation is by sintering a compression moulding of a mixture of Ag powder with Ru powder in a weak oxidising atmosphere at 650-960°C.
Ink for Thin Film Resistor
matsushita elec. ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/310,503
An ink containing a Ru compound, rosin and a solvent, is used for making a thin film type resistor by painting onto a substrate, drying and calcining. The resistor has improved smoothness, surface resistance and electric properties, and is used for a thermosensitive printer-head.
Ink for Forming Thin Film Resistors
matsushita elec. ind. k.k. Japanese Appl. 2/1,101
An ink for forming thin film resistors has as its principal components a compound containing Ru in its structure, abietinic acid and a solvent. The ink is applied on a substrate, dried, heated and calcined, and no deformation of pattern appears by heating the printed film. The thin film resistors are formed for electronic devices such as thermal print heads, having improved electric properties.
Magnetic Switch Contact Component
a. v. filatov Russian Patent 1,458,899
A magnetically controlled switch contact component has a surface coating of overlapping polymer films and sections of low resistance passive Rh. Contact of the surfaces occurs along the sections with high conductivity in several points, that is along the passive surface of the Rh. The component has longer service life, and is used for electrical contacts.
Gas Turbine Temperature Sensor
united technologies corp. U.S. Patent 4,851,300
A temperature sensor has a first layer of Cr, Al, Y, and at least one of Ni, Co or Fe, over which is an Al oxide insulation layer, then a sputtered alloy layer containing Cr, Al and one or more of Ni, Co or Fe, followed by a noble metal layer which may include adjacent deposits of Pt and Pt-10% Rh alloy. The sputtered alloy film gives improved adhesion of the Pt thin film in the gas turbine temperature sensor.
Combined Preparation with Increased Anti-Tumour Activity
johnson matthey p.l.c. European Appl. 339,772A
A combined preparation for simultaneous, separate or sequential use in the treatment of cancer consists of loperamide, and a Pt co-ordination compound, specifically carboplatin. Loperamide (a known an-tidiarrhoeal agent) significantly increases the absorption of the Pt compound into the systemic circulation following oral administration, and causes a marked increase in anti-tumour activity.
New Ruthenium Complex Compounds as Hybridisation Probes
hoffman-la roche a.g. European Appl. 340,605A
A new Ru complex compound consists of a DNA or RNA sequence covalently bonded to a fluorescent Ru complex containing charge transfer units. The new complex compounds are useful as hybridisation probes for detecting DNA or RNA sequences and for nucleic acid sequencing, especially by time-resolved fluorescence. The fluorescence decay times of the Ru complex are not altered by coupling to a nucleic acid.
Anti-Cancer Pharmaceutical Composition
norsk hydro a/s. European Appl. 344,880A
An anti-cancer composition consists of an anti-cancer Pt complex and L-ascorbic acid or 5,6-0-benzylidene-L-ascorbic acid or its deuterated forms. When given with L-ascorbic acid or its derivatives, cisplatin shows higher anti-tumour activity, so lower doses of cisplatin can be used which reduce adverse side effects. For oral use doses of 10-75 mg/kg ascorbic acid and 0.5-2 mg/kg of the cisplatin compound are used.
New Platinum Anti-Tumour Agents
boehringer biochemi. World Appl. 89/9,218A
New ethoxylated dicarboxylic acid Pt diamine complexes are useful as anti-tumour agents against Pt-sensitive tumours as well as certain cisplatin-resistant tumours at doses of 1-1200 mg/m2. The complexes have high aqueous solubility as well as lipophilic properties which improve targetting to, penetration into, and diffusion across the cell membranes.
Novel Platinum-Amine-Sulphoxide Complexes
univ. of vermont World Appl. 89/9,598A
New optically active Pt-amine-sulphoxide complexes are useful as anti-tumour agents, with 1-500 mg of the complex contained in the anti-tumour compositions. The compounds can be used in vivo and are non-cross resistant with cisplatin and so can be used to treat cisplatin resistant tumours.
New Platinum Complexes for Treating Malignant Tumours
toray ind. inc. Japanese Appls. 1/246,245-46
New Pt(II) complexes for treating tumours are prepared by (a) reacting Pt 1,2-diaminocyclohexane with a piperidine-dione compound and an alkaline hydroxide; or (b) reacting dinitrato-( 1,2-diaminocyclohexane) Pt(II) with 2-acyl-5,5-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,3-dione in the presence of an alkaline hydroxide. The new Pt complexes are used for therapy of malignant tumours, with (b) finding application in various forms, at a dose of 0.005-200 mg/day for an adult.
Palladium Coating Used for Teeth
kuraray k.k. Japanese Appl. 1/277,555
A chemical plating set for forming a Pd coating consists of a Pd-urea complex solution, for example of formula Pd(NH2CONH2)X2 where X is Cl, Br or a monovalent anion, and a reductant such as NaBH4 or sodium hypophosphite. A firm Pd coating is rapidly formed on hard surfaces of the tissues, such as the teeth. The Pd coated surface ensures strong fixing of additional repair materials to the teeth surfaces through adhesives.
Alloy for Metallic False Teeth Production
heraeus edelmetalle German Appl. 3,811,628
Metallic false teeth are made from a paste-like metal powder mixture containing 15-75 wt.% Pd, 15-50 wt.% Au and/or 10-35 wt.% Ag, and a volatile binder. The paste is formed around a ceramic model, and heated at 900-950°C to sinter the powder into an alloy. The alloy has good tissue compatibility, and false teeth can be produced without forming a molten phase or using a noble metal resinate coating.
Palladium Dental Alloy with Improved Casting Properties
med. techn. res. inst. Russian Patent 1,491,901
A Pd alloy used for a dental prosthesis consists of 4-18 wt.% In, 0.1-5 wt.% Sn, 0.2-6 wt.% Ti, 0.01-1 wt.% Y and balance Pd. The alloy is prepared by melting in an electric arc vacuum furnace with a non-consumable electrode in an atmosphere of purified He. Casting properties and adhesion to the Inpal alloy are improved, and the alloy has uniform coloration.
The New Patents abstracts have been prepared from material published by Derwent Publications Limited.