Platinum Metals Rev., 1990, 34, (4), 191
Surface Studies of Osmium Alloy Coatings
The thermionic emission from a surface coated with a binary alloy has been shown to be superior to that from a pure tungsten surface, or one coated with a pure metal. As far as emission enhancement is considered, surface chemistry may have a more important effect than the substrate. It has been reported that addition of a small amount of a rare earth metal to a binary alloy coating leads to a reduction in work function. For this reason a study has been made of osmium-rhenium-tungsten coatings on impregnated tungsten cathodes (C. S. Ares Fang and C. E. Maloney, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 1990, 8, (3), 2329-2332).
Measurements from an uncoated area of the cathode surface were compared to those from three areas coated with different alloy compositions, and showed that the effective work function of a surface coated with 40 osmium-40 rhenium-20 per cent tungsten was 1.76 eV.