Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev., 2017, 61, (4), 266
长期以来，可持续发展一直被认为对企业存续起着至关重要的作用，这一点从庄信万丰 (Johnson Matthey) 的2017年可持续发展目标中就能看出一二 (1)。然而反之亦然，可持续发展也严重依赖于企业的参与，而私营企业将在此方面发挥主导作用。
Guest Editorial: Johnson Matthey and The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2015–2030
It has long been recognised that sustainability is crucial to business and Johnson Matthey’s sustainability goals for 2017 reflected this (1). But the reverse is also true. Developments in sustainability will be heavily reliant on business involvement, and private sector companies are expected to play a leading role in this.
At the United Nations (UN) summit in September 2015, the UN announced the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These were developed after lengthy consultations involving many stakeholders including international business, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), policy makers and civil society. Their aim is to tackle the most pressing global issues of our time and this requires collective action. The UN SDGs are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. There are 17 universal goals for 2030 (Figure 1) (2), each providing guidelines and targets for all countries and organisations to adopt in line with their own priorities. They are intended to be collaborative and bring about systemic change in the world.
The Chemical Industry and the UN SDGs
So how can the chemical industry contribute to the SDGs?
Overall the chemical industry and associated industries have for many years provided science and technology solutions that address global challenges such as: environmental protection through pollution prevention and greenhouse gas abatement technologies; healthcare and human well-being through medical devices, components and pharmaceutical products; and the efficient use of natural resources through the use of renewable feedstocks, the application of catalysis and expertise in re-using, recycling and refining of valuable metals. The UN SDGs provide a frame of reference to allow the industry to measure how it can have a global positive impact.
Although the SDG programme is only in its second year, many chemical companies are already aligning their strategy with the goals. For example, Dow has publically declared its commitment through alignment of its sustainability 2025 goals with the 17 UN SDGs (3). BASF has stated that it welcomes the SDGs and contributed to their development (4). AkzoNobel provides an update on its position with respect to the SDGs in its 2016 annual report (5).
Johnson Matthey and the UN SDGs
Within Johnson Matthey, we have evaluated and aligned our priorities against the SDGs to understand where our products, services, technologies and the way we run our business have the potential to make the greatest contribution. There are six SDGs where we believe we can make the biggest positive impact:
Good health and wellbeing
Decent work and economic growth
Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Sustainable cities and communities
Responsible consumption and production
Johnson Matthey, Sustainability and Our Markets
Customer demand for sustainable, technological solutions to global issues defines our markets. Johnson Matthey’s markets are driven by four global sustainability drivers (Figure 2). These four drivers present significant global challenges which Johnson Matthey believes can be addressed by science-led solutions; they also strongly align with specific UN SDG indicators.
Johnson Matthey’s Focus to 2025
We are continuing to apply sustainable business principles as the basis of our strategy and in 2017/18 we will introduce new targets to drive further progress over the next eight years to 2025. These will align to the strategic themes with emphasis on our contribution to sustainable development through our value chains, and through our science and technology. They will also allow us to demonstrate how Johnson Matthey uses inspiring science to enhance life.
Drawing on these material areas and an understanding of the contribution we can make in the world, we have defined six themes which form part of our sustainable business goals to 2025.
For health and safety, aspire to zero harm
Improve sustainable business practices in our supply chains
Reduce our greenhouse gas emissions per unit of production output
Ensure that Johnson Matthey is truly inclusive, fostering employee engagement and development within a diverse and global workforce
Increase the positive impact that our products, services and technologies contribute to a cleaner, healthier world
Increase our work within our local communities through Johnson Matthey’s employee volunteering programme.
These themes will provide a framework as we continue to build a sustainable business. Goal 5 specifically will use the UN SDG framework to track progress and the overall global impact of the products and technologies that we provide to the market and the world.
N. Carson, Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev., 2017, 61, (1), 2 LINK https://www.technology.matthey.com/article/61/1/2-2/
United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, Sustainable Development Goals: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs (Accessed on 23rd August 2017)
A. N. Liveris, ‘Redefining the Role of Business to Achieve UN Sustainable Development Goals’, The Dow Chemical Company, Michigan, USA: http://www.dow.com/en-us/science-and-sustainability/redefining-the-role-of-business-to-achieve-un-sustainable-development-goals (Accessed on 23rd August 2017)
‘UN Sustainable Development Goals’, BASF, Lugwigshafen, Germany: https://www.basf.com/en/company/sustainability/employees-and-society/goals.html (Accessed on 23rd August 2017)
‘AkzoNobel supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals’, AkzoNobel, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: http://report.akzonobel.com/2016/ar/case-studies/sustainable-development-goals.html (Accessed on 23rd August 2017)
“2017 Annual Report and Accounts”, Johnson Matthey Plc, London, UK, 2017 LINK http://www.matthey.com/documents/reports-and-publications/2016-17/jm_ar2017secured.pdf