Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev., 2021, 65, (4), 593
我最近找到一本关于太空的新书，它的内容令人印象深刻。《航天器热控制技术》是由苗建印教授、Qi Zhong、Qiwei Zhao教授和Xin Zhao教授联合撰写。本书的所有作者均就职于位于中国北京的中国空间技术研究院（CAST）航天器系统工程研究所。苗建印现为CAST热管首席科学家、美国麻省理工学院（MIT，美国）客座教授、中国航天科技空间热控制技术学术带头人。Qi Zhong现担任CAST研究员，其专长是航空航天热控制领域。Qiwei Zhao现为CAST教授，专攻空间热物理学。Xin Zhao教授曾担任过热控制子系统总设计师，目前供职于CAST专业委员会，他在这一领域的工作获得了多项国家和部级奖项。丛书主编叶培建（中国空间技术研究院，中国北京）是一位中国航空航天工程师，目前担任中国北京航空航天大学和中国哈尔滨工业大学教授。他是CAST研究员兼总工程师，还担任中国探月工程总指挥兼总设计师。为纪念他对中国航天事业作出的贡献，紫金山天文台近地天体探测项目盱眙观测站于2007年以他的名字命名了该站发现的内主带小行星456677（叶培建星）。
“Spacecraft Thermal Control Technologies”
By J. Miao (China Academy of Space Technology), Q. Zhong (Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, China), Q. Zhao (Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, China) and X. Zhao (Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, China), Space Science and Technologies Series, Springer Singapore, 2021, 360 pages, ISBN 978-981-15-4983-0, £149.99, €181.89, US$219.99
Into my hands came an exciting new book about space. “Spacecraft Thermal Control Technologies” is written by Professor Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Professor Qiwei Zhao and Professor Xin Zhao. All the authors of this book are part of the Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), Beijing, China. Jianyin Miao is a head scientist of heat pipes at CAST and a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT, USA) visiting professor, and is an academic leader for space thermal control technology at China Aerospace Science. Qi Zhong is a research fellow at CAST and his expertise is in the field of aerospace thermal control. Qiwei Zhao is a professor at CAST with expertise in the field of space thermophysics. Professor Xin Zhao has served as a chief designer of thermal control subsystems. He serves on the professional committee at CAST. He has received several national and ministerial awards for his work in this field. The series editor Peijian Ye, (China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing, China) is a Chinese aerospace engineer. He is a professor at the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China, and is a professor at the Harbin Institute of Technology, China. He is a research fellow and chief engineer at CAST. He is also the Chief Commander and Chief Designer of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program. In his honour the inner main-belt asteroid 456677 Yepeijian, discovered by the Purple Mountain Observatory Near-Earth Object Survey Program at the XuYi Station, China, took his name in 2007.
This book is the first of a 10-part series called Space Science and Technologies. In this book you can find high quality data and some new findings in the area of spacecraft. It provides information for better and deeper understanding of China’s space industry.
Thermal Control Technologies
This book consists of seven main chapters: ‘Introduction’, ‘Space Environment’, ‘Design of Spacecraft Thermal Control Subsystem’, ‘Typical Thermal Control Technologies for Spacecraft’, ‘Typical Thermal Control Design Cases of Spacecraft’, ‘Thermal Analysis Technology’ and ‘Spacecraft Thermal Testing’. The first chapter is the ‘Introduction’ written by Qi Zhong. This is the most important chapter because it introduces the subject matter and explains all the key words and basics. Part of the content in this chapter describes the mission of spacecraft thermal control, explains the main technology of thermal control and the main tasks of this field, and also lays out the requirements of this field.
The second chapter of this book is ‘Space Environment’. This chapter was written by Xin Zhao with Yanchao Xiang. In this chapter is information about the environment at the launching phase, Earth orbital thermal environment, thermal environment at re-entry and entry phase. The most interesting parts of this chapter are the findings about the moon and planetary space environments, with details of the lunar, Mercury, Venus and Mars environments. The third chapter in this book is called ‘Design of Spacecraft Thermal Control Subsystem’, written by Xin Zhao, the same author as Chapter 2. In this chapter Xin used his experience and shared his knowledge about the ground, orbiting and landing phases. In this chapter are explained the basic principles of thermal control design and the design method of thermal control systems. The fourth chapter in this book is ‘Typical Thermal Control Technologies for Spacecraft’, written by Jianyin Miao, Weichun Fu and Hongxing Zhang. This chapter is focused mostly on heating and cooling technologies, with the main emphasis on heat transfer technology. Also as a part of this chapter are explanations about temperature measurement and control technology.
This book is very well written, containing informative details about the subject matter discussed in each chapter. The book is full of mathematical formulae, graphs and pictures. For me as a non-expert in space science, there were some things that required more time and research of the given matter to fully understand. But this book is definitely worth reading. The days spent reading this book were most interesting and I have learned much new information.
If you are a student in the field, scientist, professor or simply a fanatic for space and the universe this is the book that you need to read. We can be grateful to the people involved for sharing the vast knowledge they have gained in this area of work.
Sara Gligoroska has a Bachelor’s degree in Pure and Applied Chemistry from the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia. She works as a process engineer at Johnson Matthey. She is a space and universe enthusiast who is always interested in learning new things.